First Aid: Basics Injuries

Objectives

Each Scout should be able to do the following: (Boy Scout Handbook pp 140, 144-153, 170-171)

  • Prepare for advancement requirement S7c

Materials

  • Practice first aid kits and wounds
  • Q-tips
  • Tweezers
  • Water bottle
  • Blanket
  • Bandages

Discovery

  • Swap stories of getting hurt. Find out the worst injury ever experienced by the Scouts.

Process

Use EDGE to teach Scouts how to administer First Aid for seven situations. They must demonstrate the skill, not just tell how they would do it. Use fake wounds or red marker, water, band-aids, gauze pads, etc. You already Explained the need to know first aid. Demonstrate a problem on a Scout. Then, Guide buddy pairs to do the problem on each other and show you their results. Then, do the next problem. Tell Scouts there will be scenarios at future troop meetings. Each scenario they complete correctly will get one of the required items checked off. Remember to have PLC plan time for scenarios!

  1. Object in eye
  2. Bite of suspected rabid animal– wash and flush with water, cover with sterile bandage.
  3. Puncture wound – infection is a high risk
    1. Nail and Splinter
      1. Remove debris with tweezers, flush with forceful water stream and apply bandage.
      2. If it is a large embedded object, such as a stick or stake, do not remove it.
    2. Fishhook – prevent by using barbless hooks!
      1. Cut the line and take victim to a doctor for removal.
      2. If in the backcountry, yank the hook out with string.
  4. Second degree burns– 2nd degree burns have blisters, 1st degree do not.
    1. First Aid:
      1. Place the injury in cool running water until the pain lessens.
      2. Dry the injury, apply a sterile dressing and bandage loosely to keep clean.
      3. Do not break blisters.
      4. Do not apply creams, ointments, or sprays.
  5. Heat exhaustion
    1. Symptoms: pale clammy skin from perspiration, nausea, tiredness, dizziness, fainting, headache, muscle cramps, weakness
    2. First Aid:
      1. Lay patient in a cool shady spot with feet elevated.
      2. Fan him and apply cool wet cloths. Give him sips of water, if he is alert.
  6. Shock – Shock occurs in every serious injury to some extent
    1. Symptoms: restlessness, irritability, weakness, confusion, fear, dizziness, nausea, thirst; moist skin, clammy, cool, pale; quick and weak pulse; shallow, rapid, irregular breathing
    2. First Aid:
      1. Call for help – shock is a life-threatening condition.
      2. Lay victim down and raise feet 12 inches if there is no head, neck, or back injury.
      3. Keep him comfortably warm or cool, as needed due to environment.
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