Each Scout should be able to do the following: (Boy Scout Handbook pp 162-170)
- Complete advancement requirement S7a.
- Treat for the hurry cases of stopped breathing, serious bleeding and internal poisoning.
- Practice first aid kits
- Roller bandages
- Gauze pads
- Ask Scouts to take their pulse using the brachial artery. Tell them this is the one in the arm.
- See how many can find where this is.
- Then, try other spots – neck, wrist, ankle.
- Use EDGE to teach how to handle Serious Bleeding
- Tell someone to call for help.
- Apply Direct Pressure
- Cover the wound with a sterile pad or a bandanna, shirt, or any clean cloth
- Press hard
- Wrap the pad firmly in place.
- If the pad becomes soaked with blood, do NOT remove it. Place another on top of it.
- Treat for Shock.
- Use EDGE to teach how to handle Stopped Breathing
- Check that the scene is safe for you to help
- Check that the victim is unresponsive – Hey! Hey! Are you OK?
- Tell someone to call for help and get an AED if available.
- Give 30 chest compressions.
- Open Airway – head tilt, chin lift.
- Using a mouth shield, give 2 breaths make sure to get a good seal over the mouth and nose.
- Repeat D through F until help arrives, it becomes unsafe, or you are physically exhausted.
- Ask someone to help with D through F
- Use the AED as needed.
- Discuss what to do for Internal Poisoning
- Check that it is safe for you to help.
- Quickly take the poison container (if available) to the phone.
- Call a poison control center or emergency medical center and follow their instructions.
- Treat for Shock and check breathing frequently.
- Save all containers and vomit.
Tell Scouts that they will use these skills later this month to complete their requirement. At the PLC, request a First Aid event at the outing or scenarios at a troop meeting.